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Friday, 11 March 2022 17:43

8 Gas Savings Tips

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Studies suggest the average driver can improve his/her fuel economy by roughly 10% when following these simple tips.

US News reported that the "average U.S. price of regular-grade gasoline shot up a whopping 79 cents over the past two weeks to $4.43 per gallon." While the prices have dropped a bit in the past few days, gas prices are likely to remain high "as crude oil costs soar amid global supply concerns following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine." 

Now is a good time to consider how you drive and maintain your vehicle to ensure that you get the best possible fuel economy and reduce your fuel costs.

A vehicle’s fuel economy can vary significantly due to several factors, including how the vehicle is driven, the vehicle’s mechanical condition, and the environment in which it is driven. Fortunately, no matter what kind of vehicle you drive, making small, low-cost improvements to vehicle maintenance and driving habits can make a big impact on fuel costs. Energy.gov breaks down some of the ways you can keep your vehicle cost-effective:

Tip #1: Drive Sensibly

Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration, and braking) can lower your gas mileage by 33% at highway speeds and by 5% around town. Anticipate traffic situations and maintain adequate spacing between vehicles to avoid unnecessary braking and acceleration. When you do accelerate, do so smoothly at a moderate rate. Sensible driving is also safer, so you may save more than gas money.

Tip #2: Remove Excess Weight

Avoid keeping unnecessary items in your vehicle, especially heavy ones. An extra 100 pounds in your vehicle could reduce your fuel economy by around 1%. The reduction is based on the percentage of extra weight relative to the vehicle’s weight and affects smaller vehicles more than larger ones.

Tip #3: Carrying Cargo on Your Roof Reduces Fuel Economy

A large, blunt roof-top cargo box, for example, can reduce fuel economy by 2%–8% in city driving, 6%–17% on the highway, and 10%–25% at Interstate speeds (65 mph–75 mph). Rear-mount cargo boxes or trays reduce fuel economy by much less—1%–2% in city driving and 1%–5% on the highway.

Tip #4: Observe the Speed Limit

While each vehicle reaches its optimal fuel economy at a different speed (or range of speeds), gas mileage usually decreases rapidly as speeds climb above 50 mph. You can assume that for every 5 mph you drive over 50 mph, you are paying an additional $0.18 per gallon for gas.

Tip #5: Use Cruise Control

Using cruise control on the highway helps you maintain a constant speed and, in most cases, will save gas.

Tip #6: Avoid Excessive Idling

Idling can use a quarter to a half gallon of fuel per hour, depending on engine size and air conditioner use. Turn off your engine when your vehicle is parked. It only takes a few seconds worth of fuel to restart your vehicle.

Tip #7: Keep Your Engine Properly Tuned

Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or has failed an emissions test can improve its gas mileage by an average of 4%. However, results vary based on the type of repair and how well it is done.

Tip #8: Keep Tires Properly Inflated

You can improve your gas mileage by up to 3.3% by keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure. Under-inflated tires can lower gas mileage by 0.3% for every 1 psi drop in pressure of all four tires. Properly inflated tires are safer and last longer.

The proper tire pressure for your vehicle is usually found on a sticker in the driver’s side door jamb or the glove box, as well as in your owner’s manual. Do not use the maximum pressure printed on the tire’s sidewall.

Bonus Tip: Replacing a Clogged Air Filter on Modern Cars Improves Performance but Not Fuel Economy

Replacing a clogged air filter on vehicles with fuel-injected, computer-controlled gasoline engines—such as those manufactured from the early 1980s to the present—or diesel engines does not improve fuel economy, but it can improve acceleration.

Replacing a clogged air filter on an older vehicle with a carbureted engine can improve both fuel economy and acceleration by a few percent under normal replacement conditions.

Other Ways to Save Fuel

  • Combine errands into one trip. Combining trips can reduce the distance you drive, and it allows you to travel more miles when your engine is warm. Your engine runs more efficiently when it is warmed up.
  • Stagger your work hours to avoid peak rush hours so that you spend less time in stop-and-go traffic.

  • Drive your most fuel-efficient vehicle.

  • Telecommute (work from home) if your employer permits it.

  • Walk or cycle short distances when possible.

  • Use public transit if it is available and convenient for you.

For more tips on improving fuel economy, such as cold-weather tips, hot-weather tips, and tips for hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and all-electric vehicles, visit fueleconomy.gov.

 


Source: Energy.gov

Read 608 times Last modified on Tuesday, 10 May 2022 16:41

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